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Home Notes Computer Operation Fusion Drive on MacBook Pro
Operation Fusion Drive on MacBook Pro PDF Print E-mail
Notes - Computer
Thursday, 20 December 2012 22:19

fusiondrive

Here is a Step-By-Step Tutorial of How I created Fusion Drive on MacBook Pro (Late 2011)
I used the Following Hardware:

SSD: 240 GB OCZ VERTEX 3 (Link)
OCZ_Vertex3_240
HDD: 1TB Western Digital Scorpio Blue WD10JPVT (Link)

WD10PJVT

HDD Caddy: 2.HDD SATA Adapter für MacBook pro 9.5mm (Link) (Actually it was not 100% suitable but it fitted inside)

HDD_Caddy

External slim Drive Case (Link

slimcase 

 Let the work begin:

1. I Backed up the whole Drive using Carbon Copy Cloner to a new Disk Image on an external USB Drive.
(It took about 2,5 hours for 240GB)

2. I had already replaced the original Hitachi 500GB HDD By the 240GB SSD
3. I replaced the Optical Drive by The Caddy and the 1TB  HDD. See Replacement Tutorial Here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yvdAN_caP9E
4. I booted up the MacBook normally, the second HDD appeared and Disk Utility asked to initialize. I said yes and Formatted it as HFS+ (Journaled) which is the default.
5. I rebooted again in target mode by holding down "t" button and connected my macbook via Firewire with an iMac 
6. Both drives appeared and got mounted, then I opened Terminal and done the following: 
(Thanks to jollyjinx)

List all Drives

Command:

diskutil list

Result:

/dev/disk0
   #:                       TYPE NAME                    SIZE       IDENTIFIER
   0:      GUID_partition_scheme                        *1.0 TB     disk0
   1:                        EFI                         209.7 MB   disk0s1
   2:                  Apple_HFS mac-137                 499.0 GB   disk0s2
   3:       Microsoft Basic Data WINDOWS                 500.9 GB   disk0s3
/dev/disk1
   #:                       TYPE NAME                    SIZE       IDENTIFIER
   0:     Apple_partition_scheme                        *35.6 MB    disk1
   1:        Apple_partition_map                         32.3 KB    disk1s1
   2:                  Apple_HFS ARD                     35.5 MB    disk1s2
/dev/disk2
   #:                       TYPE NAME                    SIZE       IDENTIFIER
   0:      GUID_partition_scheme                        *1.0 TB     disk2
   1:                        EFI                         209.7 MB   disk2s1
   2:                  Apple_HFS HDD                     999.9 GB   disk2s2
/dev/disk3
   #:                       TYPE NAME                    SIZE       IDENTIFIER
   0:      GUID_partition_scheme                        *240.1 GB   disk3
   1:                        EFI                         209.7 MB   disk3s1
   2:                  Apple_HFS Macintosh HD            239.0 GB   disk3s2
   3:                 Apple_Boot Recovery HD             700.0 MB   disk3s3

In my case the SSD inside the MacBook was disk3 and the 2nd HDD was disk2

Command:

    
diskutil cs create FusionDrive disk3 disk2

Result:

    
Started CoreStorage operation
Unmounting disk3
Repartitioning disk3
Unmounting disk
Creating the partition map
Rediscovering disk3
Adding disk3s2 to Logical Volume Group
Unmounting disk2
Repartitioning disk2
Unmounting disk
Creating the partition map
Rediscovering disk2
Adding disk2s2 to Logical Volume Group
Creating Core Storage Logical Volume Group
Switching disk3s2 to Core Storage
Switching disk2s2 to Core Storage
Waiting for Logical Volume Group to appear
Discovered new Logical Volume Group "2B4EDB74-5842-40E4-8398-1567CD879127"
Core Storage LVG UUID: 2B4EDB74-5842-40E4-8398-1567CD879127
Finished CoreStorage operation

Command:

    
diskutil cs list

Result:

    
CoreStorage logical volume groups (1 found)
|
+-- Logical Volume Group 2B4EDB74-5842-40E4-8398-1567CD879127
    =========================================================
    Name:         FusionDrive
    Size:         1239574347776 B (1.2 TB)
    Free Space:   1235270975488 B (1.2 TB)
    |
    +-< Physical Volume C4AEC50E-CA5A-4F01-A1D4-0E821B78488C
    |   ----------------------------------------------------
    |   Index:    0
    |   Disk:     disk3s2
    |   Status:   Online
    |   Size:     239713435648 B (239.7 GB)
    |
    +-< Physical Volume 1B357448-93BE-4D62-BB93-09E7E95A66DB
        ----------------------------------------------------
        Index:    1
        Disk:     disk2s2
        Status:   Online
        Size:     999860912128 B (999.9 GB)

Copy the ID Shown for Logical Volume Group  

Command:

    
diskutil coreStorage createVolume 2B4EDB74-5842-40E4-8398-1567CD879127 jhfs+ FusionDrive 100%

Result:

    
Started CoreStorage operation
Waiting for Logical Volume to appear
Formatting file system for Logical Volume
Initialized /dev/rdisk1 as a 1 TB HFS Plus volume with a 98304k journal
Mounting disk
Core Storage LV UUID: 3D2C216E-D29B-4EF2-AE8F-58CCDA0488FE
Core Storage disk: disk1
Finished CoreStorage operation

Now the Fusion Drive has been already created.

7. The Final Step was to restore the backup image. So I used Carbon Copy Cloner again to restore the image to my Fusion Drive

Thats it.

I used Black Magic Disk Speed Test, to test the performance. I reached write speed 250 MB/s and read speed of 400 MB/s
It is slower than before when I was using only the SSD, where I had more than 500 MB/s read speed. But still faster than an HDD.
Anyhow I can live with it.

I almost forgot to say, I inserted the optical drive inside the slim case and now I have a nice external usb optical drive if needed.

Done!

Good Luck with your Fusion Drive

Fusion Drive Macbook Pro
 Fusion Drive Info
Fusion Drive Disk Utility
Fusion Drive Blackmagic Speed Test

Last Words:

to verify type this command to see the activity of each drive:

iostat disk0 disk1 1



(replace disk0 and disk1 by the correct disk ids of your ssd and hdd)
to get the ids you need, run:

diskutil list



 

Operation Fusion Drive on MacBook Pro
Last Updated on Wednesday, 15 May 2013 09:03
 

Comments   

 
Sergey Eremin
0 # RE: Operation Fusion Drive on MacBook ProSergey Eremin 2013-03-13 10:31
Hi!

My question is about one of the screenshots showing Storage tab of About This Mac app.
How come it displays Fusion Drive as two disks with identical graphs? We know that apps see FD as one volume, and it surely makes no sense to display identical graphs for two different drives.

I've assembled Fusion Drive per your instructions and it shows up as one volume in About This Mac.

Any thoughts?
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Islam Adel
0 # RE: Operation Fusion Drive on MacBook ProIslam Adel 2013-03-13 11:44
i expected also for me to appear as one drive.
some how strange. anyway it is fully functional as expected.
inside all apps and finder it is still one drive only
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Sergey Eremin
0 # RE: Operation Fusion Drive on MacBook ProSergey Eremin 2013-03-13 11:48
Can you recommend any scrips/apps to test the file migration between drives? I'm not a master of Javascript or Terminal to come up with a test myself.

That's one thing that bothers me as some people see migration happening and others don't.
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Islam Adel
0 # RE: Operation Fusion Drive on MacBook ProIslam Adel 2013-03-13 11:57
for the beginning u can try blackmagic disk speed test and valuate read and write speeds. there are other tools or command line commands which can be used to write files and after waiting for certain period of time monitor the activity of the hdd if the blocks get moved. see original jollylinx post to know more
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Sergey Eremin
0 # RE: Operation Fusion Drive on MacBook ProSergey Eremin 2013-03-13 12:05
Blackmagic shows HDD speeds and I can see in iStat that it's using only HDD. Left it running for 30 mins – no change whatsoever.

I read the post and he doesn't provide step-by-step guide, he just writes "I ran this command" presuming the reader knows what attributes to run it with.
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Islam Adel
0 # RE: Operation Fusion Drive on MacBook ProIslam Adel 2013-03-13 12:25
hmm... it seems like incorrect commands or arguments maybe.. do u have a Terminal Protocol of the whole procedure u made
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Sergey Eremin
0 # RE: Operation Fusion Drive on MacBook ProSergey Eremin 2013-03-13 12:38
I did everything you explain here and it worked with the same results. I haven't done anything else yet and I'm just looking for an app or a script to test file migration from HDD to SSD.

Can you explain how you tested it?
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inca
0 # backupinca 2013-02-26 21:34
hi... did you have to do anything different to boot from Carbon Copy Cloner?

and, how are you taking the backups of the FusionDrive now? Do you do anything different when compared to having only one drive?
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Islam Adel
0 # RE: backupIslam Adel 2013-02-27 09:55
I just used Carbon Copy Cloner as usual.
Backup to Disk Image
and then recover from Disk Image.
For all Apps the FusionDrive is just one single Drive
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inca
0 # RE: backupinca 2013-02-27 14:05
thanks. I assume, if something bad happens to the working drives and you need to start afresh from the backup, you just need to make sure your new hard drives are formatted fit for fusion, before you recover from Disk Image, right?
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Islam Adel
0 # RE: backupIslam Adel 2013-02-27 16:42
u can recover to any drive as long as the file system is the same as original (default is: HFS+ Journaled) in CCC use the option on ur destination drive to delete anything that doesn't exist on the source .
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anTi
0 # RE: Operation Fusion Drive on MacBook ProanTi 2013-02-13 13:11
could you suggest a path where is this system icon? :)
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Islam Adel
0 # RE: Operation Fusion Drive on MacBook ProIslam Adel 2013-02-13 15:56
there is no path in the System.
Copy the image below the title of this article to clipboard ( right click - copy image )
go to the info of ur Hard Drive ( cmd + i ) click the icon and paste ( cmd + v )
u can also drag the image from the website and drop directly on the info icon as described above
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anTi
0 # RE: Operation Fusion Drive on MacBook ProanTi 2013-02-12 09:27
Hi, my question is that did you set the icon manually, or OSX set it automatically?
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Islam Adel
0 # RE: Operation Fusion Drive on MacBook ProIslam Adel 2013-02-12 12:11
manually
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